Foreign policy of the Republic of Uzbekistan is based on the Constitution, laws «On the Concept of Foreign Policy of the Republic of Uzbekistan» and «On International Treaties», and other normative legal acts of the state, on the statements and speeches of the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan Islam Karimov, and international conventions and treaties signed by the country.
Since the day of Independence Uzbekistan conducts comprehensively balanced foreign policy which is based on the national interests and has gained a broad recognition in the world community, and consolidated the authority of the country in the international arena, its role and significance in regional and international affairs.
Modern foreign policy of Uzbekistan is shaped taking into consideration the dynamically changing international political realities of the XXI century which demand implementation of an active, initiative and pragmatic foreign policy course, timely and adequate response to emerging challenges.
The main goals of the foreign policy of the Republic of Uzbekistan are further strengthening of independence and sovereignty of the state, increasing the role and place of the country in international politics, creation of the most favorable conditions for ensuring national and regional security, sustainable and dynamic development of the national economy, continuing the progressive movement towards building an open democratic state, joining the ranks of developed states of the world.
Uzbekistan remains committed to the following fundamental foreign policy principles:
- holding an open, pragmatic and balanced foreign policy based on the national interests;
- development of equal and mutually beneficial relations with other countries based on the universally recognized international norms and principles of respect for sovereignty, territorial integrity and non-interference into the internal affairs, peaceful settlement of disputes, non-use of force or threat to use force.
In accordance with the Concept of Foreign Policy, the Republic of Uzbekistan reserves a right to enter into alliances, join commonwealths and other interstate formations, as well as to leave them guided by supreme interests of the state, people, their well-being and security, priority directions of modernization of country, existing national legislation and adopted international obligations.
Uzbekistan conducts peaceful policy and does not participate in military-political blocs, and reserves a right to leave any interstate formation in case of its transformation into a military-political bloc.
The Republic of Uzbekistan takes political, economic and other measures to prevent its involvement in military conflicts and hotbeds of tensions in neighboring states, and also shall not allow deployment of foreign military bases and facilities on its own territory.
In accordance with the Constitution, the Law «On defense» and the Military Doctrine, the Armed Forces of the Republic of Uzbekistan are created exclusively for protection of the state sovereignty and territorial integrity of the country, peaceful life and security of its population, and do not participate in peacemaking operations abroad.
The main foreign policy tasks of Uzbekistan in modern times are as follows:
- consistent development of international cooperation in political, trade-economic, cultural-humanitarian, scientific-technical and other spheres;
- forming the most favorable foreign policy conditions for effective implementation of the democratic reforms in the country and dynamic processes of modernization of society and economy;
- preserving and strengthening peace and stability in Central Asia, turning the region into a zone of security and sustainable development, assisting to achievement of peace and stability in Afghanistan;
- forming balanced and multidimensional system of strategic partnership with leading states of the world and international organizations, maintaining geopolitical balance in the region, broad diversification of trade, economic, technological, transport and other relations of Uzbekistan;
- using political, diplomatic and international legal mechanisms, including the measures of preventive diplomacy, to timely settlement of existing or emerging problems in the region;
- consolidating the Republic’s international image as a reliable political and economic partner, enhancing the investment, tourist, cultural and historical attractiveness of the country in the international arena;
- active development and use of mechanisms of bilateral and multilateral cooperation to promote attraction of direct foreign investments and high technologies to priority sectors of national economy;
- promoting the formation and development of multivariate system of international transport-communication corridors which provide a reliable and stable access for Uzbekistan to global markets;
- ensuring comprehensive protection of the rights and interests of citizens and legal entities of the Republic of Uzbekistan abroad.